ÒGÚN


Ògún is considered as the artist that gives the final touch to Obàtálá’s creations. His the one that is in charge of all the circumcisions, tribal marks, tattoos and any surgery that is necessary to maintain health. His also the protects orphans presides over oaths, alliances and pacts. He demands justice, fairness and honesty in the things of everyday life.

Ògún is one of the oldest deities, since he was the oldest and the head chief among the gods in heaven. He did not have the ability to disappear.

Ògún uses red rooster feathers as part of his royal insignia, he is traditionally greeted as Ògún Yee. According to the Yoruba believes, he is the deity of iron, wars and the pre-eminently the head of the hunters, warriors, goldsmiths, barbers, butchers and (in modern times) mechanics, truck drivers, rental car and indeed all the ones that work with iron and steel.

No Yoruba hunter undertakes a hunting expedition without paying due consideration to Ògún, no soldier goes to war without offering the proper sacrifice to the deity, no truck driver is considered safe until he has made the offer to Ògún and no smith or forger feels comfortable without paying homage to Ògún. All these iron and steel workers expect Ògún‘s protection against accidents and to help them in their work. Ògún is believed to have a machete to clear the way and open the door to wealth, health and prosperity.

If he is abandoned he can cause horrible accidents and bloody battles. To avoid such disasters, the Yoruba make offerings to appease Ògún, thus, Ògún is seen as a symbol of superior conqueror Ògún is also believed to represent the absolute justice as he is called to witness a pact or agreement between two people or groups of people. Currently, when a Yoruba practice the traditional religion and is moved to the Justice Court he is asked to swear on Ògún (represented by a piece of iron). This is done by kissing a piece of iron while he declares that he will "tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth."

The Yoruba believe very strongly that anyone who swears a false or violates a treaty to which Ògún is witness to, cannot escape the severe trial which usually results in horrible accidents

Ògún sanctuaries are usually found outside, at the foot of one of this sacred trees such as Kperegún, Akoko, Atori and Iyeye or next to a wall in a smithy. They also say that the image of him is represented by a partially planted cotton tree, which a stone is placed under, where poured palm oil and animal blood as a sacrifice.

Because Ògún is associated with cleaning the road or removing barriers, the Yoruba have the belief that when a path is not clear or where there are difficulties, it must appeal to Ògún to help smooth the way just as he did for the gods in the beginning.

The odù Òyèkú Òwónrín did divination to Ògún when he wanted his seven children to come to earth, he was told to offer seven cocks, seven kola nuts and a goat to Èsú. He made this sacrifice and that is why he never got sick. In different stories of the Ifa literary Ògún and Death (Iku) are strongly associated.

The palm leaves are used to highlight and enshrine the entrances to the sanctuary and it is said that these are the clothes of Ògún. It is possible to note that in the absence of Obàtálá he is named as president of the Divine by Olódùmarè. Ògún is the one who assumes the presidency of this assembly for being the oldest and greatest deity.

The following elements are considered as Ògún’ns attributes:

Guataca / iron nails / spade / anvil / chisel / horseshoe / dog-fangs / machete / Jimmy / throws / pickaxe / stick / punch / keys / scimitar / twenty-one iron bars / knife / bow and arrows / bellows / ... Almost every type of instrument to develop or create, his main attributes are the double-edged sword and red feathers of the cock, which is his symbol of authorityFormulärets nederkant

Ògún helps human beings through the difficulties of life. In our tradition Ògún is represented by iron pot with seven iron tools and an anvil. In the same pot with Ògún lives another Òrisà called Òsóòsì, which is represented by an arrow.

The Pot: Contains all the equipment that we need to develop our character in this world, Ògún gives us the tools to survive under any circumstances, no matter how difficult it is.

The Anvil: Represents the formation of our character and our human and personal qualities that comes from the act of living and surviving, life forms us to achieve a higher level of consciousness. Ògún does not let us fail, he strengthens us to reach the maximum

The Hammer: Represents the formation of the spirit over the challenges of life, whether they are strong or soft, we carry traces of our experience and we built our character.

The spade: Represents to find what is hidden from you. The treasures of the world or gifts that are deep down in us. With the spade we search and find success in life. We use the spade to mixture things and create new qualities in us that gives a new force in our lives.

The Pickaxe: Represents the addiction break, break barriers, break all the chains of mind and real life. You are born to be free and a free mind can live in freedom. Ògún is not afraid and can provide value for you, for you to find a better life.

The machete: Represents the opening. To open roads in the forest and help to bring the civilization. The machete also opens the mind and gives freedom when one is tied up in trouble and sees no solution, the machete speaks of victory.

The hoe: Represents the ability to be productive even start with an idea, planted as a seed to enjoy work and after harvest, the land yields after much effort

The rake: Represents the order among the disorder, with the lines drawn in the earth, we direct the water, energy and strength so that we can move forward. Also removes the stones of the road to successfully achieving our destiny

The Spear: Helps us to lift things that are heavier and bigger than us. Ògún defending victims of injustice, Ògún gives us a fast justice and help us when there are many enemies against one, he also teaches us to be brave and not give up.

Òsóòsì: The arrow Òsóòsì is always ready to shoot. Represents the hunter that can fire at any time on your hunt. Òsóòsì and Ògún always work together, they say that even thought Ògún had his machete and was very strong, he always failed to reach his prey and on the other hand Òsóòsì was not able to shoot his pray because of such forest but when they joined an indomitable force was formed.

 

Oríkì Ògún
(Praising the spirit of iron)

 

Ba san ba pon ao lana to. Bi obi ba pon ao lana to. B’orogbo ba pon ao lana to.
Remove the obstacle from the road. When the cola nut is mature is when it opens roads. When the bitter cola nut is bitter is when it can open roads

B’yay yay ba pon ao lana to. B’eyin ba pon ao lana to. Da fun Ògún awo.
When the fruit is mature is when the road opens. When the palm fruit is mature is when the road opens. Ogun gives his secret

Ni jo ti ma lana lati ode. Òrun wa si is salu aiye. Fun ire eda.
Dancing outdoors opens the way. Heaven comes to Earth. For the benefit of all persons

Asé.




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